India’s New Foreign Trade Policy of 2023: Boosting India’s Exports and Economic Growth

By | April 5, 2023

India’s New Foreign Trade Policy of 2023: Boosting India's Exports and Economic Growth


India has always been an integral part of the global economy, with its rich cultural heritage, diverse natural resources, and considerable population that provides a huge market for goods and services. 

The Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) is a crucial component of India’s economic strategy, aimed at promoting exports, enhancing the competitiveness of Indian industries, and attracting foreign investment. With the global economy becoming increasingly interconnected, the FTP plays a pivotal role in boosting India’s trade with other countries, creating employment opportunities, and generating higher foreign exchange reserves. 

The FTP 2023, which was announced recently by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), marks a significant step towards achieving India’s economic goals. The policy outlines several key objectives, including expanding India’s exports, improving India’s trade balance, boosting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), simplifying export procedures and policies, and enhancing the competitiveness of Indian goods and services. 

One of the key features of the FTP 2023 is the extension of the RoDTEP Scheme, which aims to refund the duties and taxes levied at the central, state, and local levels on export goods. This will help reduce the transaction costs of exporters, making Indian products more competitive in the global market. The focus on Atmanirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India) is another significant aspect of the FTP, with an emphasis on promoting the export of high-value-added goods and services, such as engineering goods, pharmaceuticals, and IT services. 

The policy also aims to promote export-oriented manufacturing, with a focus on the development of industrial clusters and the establishment of new export markets. The government has set a target of doubling India’s exports to $1 trillion by 2025, and the FTP 2023 provides a roadmap toward achieving this goal. The policy also seeks to boost MSME exports, with measures such as the introduction of an online portal for exporters to register their grievances and suggestions. 

The implementation of the FTP 2023 will involve a range of measures, including the role of DGFT, partnerships and collaborations with industry bodies, skill development, and training programs, export promotion programs and events, and monitoring and evaluation of the policy. The success of the policy will depend on effective implementation, with the involvement of all stakeholders, including government agencies, exporters, and industry associations. 

The benefits of the FTP 2023 are significant, with the potential to create employment opportunities, generate higher foreign exchange reserves, expand the Indian economy, enhance the competitiveness of Indian industries, and encourage innovation and entrepreneurship. The policy is also aligned with the government’s broader economic agenda, such as Make in India, Digital India, and Startup India, aimed at promoting manufacturing, digitalization, and entrepreneurship in the country. 

However, implementing the FTP 2023 also faces several challenges, including administrative and bureaucratic challenges, infrastructural constraints, global trade tensions and protectionism, and the impact of COVID-19 on global trade. These challenges will require a collaborative approach, with the involvement of various stakeholders, to address them effectively. 

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  • Conclusion:

In conclusion, the FTP 2023 provides a comprehensive roadmap toward boosting India’s exports and economic growth. The policy is aligned with the government’s broader economic agenda and provides a framework for enhancing the competitiveness of Indian industries, attracting foreign investment, and promoting innovation and entrepreneurship. The successful implementation of the policy will require the involvement of all stakeholders, with a collaborative approach to overcoming the challenges. The FTP 2023 presents an exciting opportunity for India to play a larger role in the global economy and realize its economic potential.